Archaeological sites

  1. Riparo Broion (Veneto)
  2. Grotta di Fumane (Veneto)
  3. Riparo Bombrini (Liguria)
  4. Grotta della Cala (Campania)
  5. Grotta di Castelcivita (Campania)
  6. Grotta di Uluzzo C (Puglia)

As excavations proceed, traditional methods (drawing and digital photography) will be used to document the stratigraphic profile in addition to the use of modern three-dimensional (3D) methods for site mapping using surveying total stations. All findings (e.g., bones, lithics, shell beads and charcoals) will thus be mapped by square, quadrant, and layer, as well as using these precise 3D coordinates.

Collecting 3D coordinates on all material and managing these data with GIS software will provide a means for reconstructing the original spatial relationships that existed between archaeological items before they were excavated (McPherron et al., 2005). These reconstructions will be critical for answering questions about site formation processes.

Charcoals and anthropically modified animal bones will be selected in order to determine the chronometric position of the archaeological layers using radiocarbon dating (14C) technique in laboratories which employ cutting-edge techniques in treatment of organic samples. In addition to artifacts excavated in situ, bulk samples of the sediment will be collected for later sampling of ecological indicators such as phytoliths, macrocharcoal and palynomorphs through collaborations with appropriate specialists for paleoecological analysis.

Surveys will take place systematically  in poorly investigated areas (such as the eastern Italian belt, from Marche to Abruzzo, and the Calabria region, Southwest Italy to find new archaeological sites with Middle and/or Upper Paleolithic deposits.